National Flag of India

Flag of India byPingali Venkayya(Indian Tricolour)

A horizontal tricolour of saffron at the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. In the centre is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra.

National Emblem

Lion Capital of Asoka

It was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. The Emblem also displays the motto of India - "Satyameva Jayate" in Devnagari Script, which means "Truth Alone Triumphs".

National Calendar

Indian national calendar (Saka calendar)

The calendar was introduced by the Calendar Reform Committee in 1957, local variations based on older sources such as the Surya Siddhanta may still exist. Usage officially started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.

National Anthem

"Jana Gana Mana" byRabindranath Tagore

"Jana Gana Mana" was officially adopted as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950 by the Constituent Assembly.

National Song

Vande Mataramby Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

The first political occasion where "Vande Mataram" was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.

National Flower

Indian lotus(Nelumbo nucifera)

Lotus is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.

National Fruit

Mango(Mangifera indica)

In India, there are over 100 varieties of mangoes, in different sizes, shapes and colours. Mangoes have been cultivated in India from time immemorial. Alexander savoured its taste, as did the Chinese pilgrim Hieun Tsang. Mughal emperor Akbar planted 1,00,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar at a place now known as Lakhi Bagh.

National River

Ganga River

Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.

National Tree

Indian Banyan or Indian fig tree (Ficus bengalensis)

The branches of Indian Banyan tree root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.

National Animal

Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)

The Bengal tiger can be found throughout the country except in the north-western region.

National Aquatic Animal

Gangetic Dolphin(Platanista gangetica)

Gangetic Dolphin is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.

National Bird

Indian Peacock(Pavo cristatus)

The peacock is designated as the national bird of India.

National Currency Symbol

Indian Rupee

The symbol of Indian Rupee signifies India's international identity for money transactions and economic strength. The symbol is an amalgam of Devnagari "Ra" and the Roman Capital "R" with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the "equal to" sign. The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15 July 2010.

National Game


The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports of India clarified that, officially, the country does not have a national game; However, many sources, mention hockey as a "National Game". India has won eight Olympic gold medals for hockey.


State Animal

Nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus)

State Bird

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

State Seal


State Animal

Chinkara (Gazella bennettii)

State bird

Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)

State flower

Rohida (Tecomella undulata)

State Tree

Acacia nilotica (Acacia nilotica)

State Seal

Golden Triangle - About Delhi Red fort - India Gate - Lotus Temple
Golden Triangle - Agra Symbol of Love (Tajmahal)
Golden Triangle - About Jaipur Hawa Mahal - Jantar Mantar (Jaipur)
Festival Schedule of India Festival of India - Diwali - Eid - Onam
Golden Triangle - Golden Temple Golden Temple (Amritsar)
Golden Triangle - Pilgrimage Varanasi Pilgrimage (Varanasi)
Golden Triangle - National Symbols of india National Symbols of India
Golden Triangle - Heaven of India Heaven of India (Kashmir)