Taj Mahal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of Seven Wonders of the World, the masterpieces of Muslim art in India. It is the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s history.
Taj Mahal is a mausoleum made of ivory-white marble on the bank of the Yamuna river, Agra. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahan (reigned from 1628 to 1658) to house the tomb to his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is believed that, the love that Emperor Shah Jahan had for his wife was more powerful than death. It took over 15 years for 20,000 artisans and laborers to construct this masterpiece. Ever since, couples come here to celebrate their love and pray for a long-lasting relationship.
The Exquisite Architecture of Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal incorporated design of traditional Persian and Mughal architecture; featuring intricate carvings and colourful motifs; along with 28 varieties of marble and sandstone. The mosaic floors and the marble minarets followed symmetrical structure which located over a raised platform and are studded with semi-precious stones. Besides, the monument is decorated with floral motifs of bright coloured with fruits and branches represent abundance.
The tomb is the central focus of this complex which is made of white marble standing on a square plinth. It consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial.
The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal were created by applying paint, stucco, stone inlays or carvings, the finest elements of Mughal architecture. The calligraphy over black marble is a wonderful ornament on the white architecture.
The complex is set around a large 300-metre garden, popularly known as charbagh. This square garden is divided into four parts with 16 sunken parterres or flowerbeds between two connecting walkways. The garden is located over the banks of River Yamuna, and is bright and green throughout the year.
Visiting Taj Mahal
Visiting the Taj Mahal is likely a must if you’re traveling to India for the first time. Tourists are advised to be early at Agra so that they can witness the real magic of the monument. With passing time, Taj Mahal changes colour as the sun rays touch the white marble. In the morning, you can see it is pink, under the afternoon sun it is pure white while it glitters like gold under moonlight.
Entrance ticket Taj Mahal cost 1,000 rupees per person
We recommend dressing modestly, light and loose clothing, as it can get incredibly hot. For ladies, you should cover your shoulders and everything below your knees.
There is a long list of items you cannot bring inside when visiting the Taj Mahal, including food, headphones and camera. So, be very selective when packing your bag!